The red brand canners hbr case solution Diaries

The quart bottle pictured to the best is a typical example of a square milk bottle designed near the conclude on the timeframe included by this Web-site, i.e. the fifties.  Additional precisely this bottle was made over a press-and-blow equipment from the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. within their La, CA. plant in 1952.  How can We all know this?  It is largely all spelled out via the markings on The bottom in the bottle.

The illustration towards the left is from an 1856 patent for just a finishing tool that was accustomed to variety the applied, groove-ring finishes on wax seal canning jars.  This is believed by some being the initial patent for a finishing (aka "lipping") Instrument (Toulouse 1969b) although it wasn't a patent for an entire finishing Software - equipment which were being previously in use and almost certainly not patentable.

Via the mid-twenties, pretty much all ketchup bottles were being machine-built and experienced either external screw thread finishes or Several other re-sealable closure, similar to the Goldy.  Most have sided bodies such as Heinz patented bottle talked about above.

(As a facet Observe, the explained parison development method Together with the urgent plunger frequently resulted in "washboards" or "chill marks" on the upper neck of milk bottles.

English chow chow - It is a normal example of a ubiquitous English designed bottle sort that is quite normally identified on U. S. historic web-sites.  It's got a crudely applied one particular-portion finish and was blown within a cup-bottom mold without any proof of air venting.  These variety bottles look to are actually produced in an identical vogue for an extended stretch of time, i.e., from at the very least as early because the 1870s till at least the mid-1910s (empirical observations).  These jars typically held chow chow but have been also useful for other foods products.  Click on the subsequent backlinks to check out much more illustrations or photos of this bottle/jar:  base perspective with the typical - though remarkably variable - figures and/or letters markings common to those English bottles; near-up on the shoulder, neck and finish displaying the crudely utilized end.

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Among the earliest from the distinctive U. S. bottle kinds strongly determined with foods were being the gothic or "cathedral" types.  As observed while in the sauce bottle part earlier mentioned, the gothic model bottle does appear to be distinctly American in origin (McKearin & Wilson 1978).  These patterns originated over the mid-nineteenth century "Gothic Revival" period in American and Europe which greatly effected the architecture on the period of time (Deiss 1981, pers. comm. 2003; 2007).  This fashion may differ in specific style but all share the distinction of not staying cylindrical (all have 4 or six flattened sides) and the human body and/or shoulder having big peaked "church window" indented panels on most or (generally) each of the sides with further ornamental features within and/or just previously mentioned the panels, as shown via the illustrations illustrated in this article.

  Courting summary/notes: Specified the extensive span of production, the dating of the large course of ketchup/sauce bottles can't be performed according to condition by yourself.  Alternatively, it needs to be accomplished based on producing dependent diagnostic attributes and/or through investigate with the historical report when achievable if the bottle has possibly the initial labels or is products and/or company embossed.

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The initial thumbscrew & lid closure patent was granted in November of 1858 (seemingly a very fecund time for patents) to Reuben Dalbey and used not one but a few thumbscrews; simply click Dalbey jar to check out an instance.  (Image courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.)  For sure, these jars had been unwieldy, and like nearly all patented jar closures, it was neither uncomplicated, powerful, or produced for extended.

The mouth-blown ketchup bottle pictured to the above mentioned left is an extremely typical standard form for packaging this product or service in the late nineteenth through A great deal with the 20th century; It's not at all that Substantially distinctive than the shape utilised now for glass bottled ketchup (somewhat of a rarity in the U. S. due to the fact most is currently packaged in plastic bottles).  This example is Visit Your URL embossed about the shoulder - within a circular "medallion" - with Most popular STOCK CATSUP / A & L (monogram) / EXTRA Good quality.  The A & L  means Allen & Lewis, a large regional "Wholesale Seller in Staple and Extravagant Groceries" situated in Portland, Oregon.  "Favored Stock" was a proprietary brand title utilized by the organization For lots of in their merchandise.  (Begin to see the labeled olive oil bottle afterward this webpage.)  Allen & Lewis commenced business in the early times of Portland in 1861 and continued till at the least 1917 and possibly A great deal afterwards (Zumwalt 1980).

To find out more on press-and-blow machines take a look at the Glassmaking & Glassmakers page.  These devices first began use within the mid-1890s as semi-automated machines (necessitating the hand feeding of glass) with comprehensive automation achieved in the mid to late 1910s With all the addition of gob feeders.

The  barrel mustard bottle to the best is a relatively early illustration embossed horizontally on a person facet amongst the two sets of rings with MOUTARDE DIAPHANE / LOUIT FRERES & CO. (Zumwalt 1980).  "Diaphanous" (implying an incredibly high-quality product or service) mustard and identical other imported variations ended up evidently the "Grey Poupon" of your on the mid-19th century.  These bottles were usually made of colorless or aqua glass; pretty almost never in other shades.  (This bottle also includes a faint "straw" Forged to your glass indicating the attainable early use of selenium and/or arsenic to decolorize the glass.

One more somewhat early identifiable milk bottle fashion is illustrated by the product pictured to the appropriate.  This small, 50 % pint milk (probable cream) bottle is embossed on The bottom with EMPIRE / PATENTED AUG. 13, 01.  Simply click Empire base to view the famous embossing.  This mouth-blown bottle has a tooled, "capseat" accepting, just one-component "milk bottle" end (simply click close-up of the shoulder, neck and end to discover these types of Along with the important functions identified) and was blown within a cup-bottom mould.  Furthermore, it demonstrates no noticeable evidence of air venting that is unusual for the period it had been made, i.e., 1901 to probably the early 1910s.  This distinct style With all the exclusive inward taper within the heel - named a "bowling pin" form by collectors (the bigger measurements extra resemble a bowling pin) - was patented by Charles Nightingale and assigned to the Empire Bottle and Supply Company (Ny, NY) about the day observed on the base.

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